My next destination was the famous Golconda Fort, Hyderabad which was on the outskirts of the city. The fort was also known as the Golla Konda which meant “shepherd’s hill” was situated nearly eleven kilometers west of Hyderabad. The place was also famous for some old mines that were produced in those areas. Some famous and popular gems that found include the Hope Diamond, the Koh-e-Noor, the Darya-e-Noor and the Idol’s Eye. However the fort was amongst the famous hotspots for tourist in the city. The fort was quite scientifically built by the Nizam of that period and once you visit the place you recognize that. The fort was divided into different divisions such as the administrative division, Naya Qila, in culture, Diamonds and many more.
The Golconda Fort was built by the Kakatiyas which helped them to defend from the western side. The fort plan was designed after the Kondapallu Fort which was located near Vijayawada in the Krishna District. The Fort was built in the year 945 to 970. However the fort was the redesigned and strengthened by Musunuri Nayaks who was successful in removing the Tughlak army that occupied Warangal. In the 16th century Golconda was the capital of the Qutb Shahi kingdom which was near to Hyderabad. The place was amongst the flourishing centers of trade for diamonds and other gems that were quite famous that period.
The Golconda Fort, Hyderabad was built on the granite hill which was 120 meter high and was surrounded by massive ramparts on all sides. The fort was however built in the year 1143 and it was when the Hindu Kakatiya dynasty ruled the area; however, they were conquered by the Bahmani Sultanat during that period of time. Finally the fort was seized by the Mughals under the emperor Aurangzeb. There were many historical connections with this fort and now serves as one of the famous destinations in the city. Lots of foreign travelers and locals visit the place on weekends or holidays. After spending some time in the fort I decided to move towards another historical place which was the Charminar, one of the famous structures in the history of the country.